Authors & Affiliations

Alekseev P.N.1, Balanin A.L.1, Dekusar V.M.3, Egorov A.F.3, Klinov D.A.3, Korobeynikov V.V.3, Marova E.V.2, Maslov A.M.2, Nevinitsa V.A.1, Staroverov A.I.2, Fomichenko P.A.1, Shepelev S.F.2, Shirokov A.V.2
1 National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia
2 Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
3 A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia

Alekseev P.N. – Scientific Head of complex, Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”
Balanin A.L. – Head of Department, National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”.
Nevinitsa V.A. – Head of Department, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”.
Fomichenko P.A. – Deputy Head of complex, National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”.
Marova E.V. – Head of Bureau, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering. Contacts: 15, Burnakovsky proyezd, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia,603074. Tel: +7(831) 241-03-97; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Maslov A.M. – Design Engineer 1 category, Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering.
Staroverov A.I. – Head of Department, Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering.
Shepelev S.F. – Chief Designer, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering.
Shirokov A.V. – Head of Department, Afrikantov Experimental Design Bureau for Mechanical Engineering.
Dekusar V.M. – Head of Laboratory, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Egorov A.F. – Researcher, A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Klinov D.A. – First Deputy General Director for Science, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Korobeynikov V.V. – Chief Researcher, Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math), professor, A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.

Abstract

Rosatom's strategy to improve the competitiveness of nuclear energy (NE) and address the management of spent nuclear fuel (SNF) and radioactive waste (RW) could be most effectively implemented in a two-component nuclear energy system (NES), which combines in a closed nuclear fuel cycle the basic nuclear technology of VVER and coming commercial technology of SFR.
The paper considers the prerequisites for the commercialization of SFR technology and related fuel cycle technologies. In order to ensure competitiveness of BN-1200 power unit in relation to prospective power units with thermal neutron reactors the new effective technical solutions were worked out in 2016-2017. Along with reference technical solutions implemented in BN-600 and BN-800, the use of new technical solutions set provided a significant improvement in the basic technical and economic characteristics of the BN-1200 power unit and a significant increase in the level of safety.
The paper presents methodological approaches and results of multicriteria analysis of BN-1200 competitiveness in comparison with other nuclear and non-nuclear power technologies. Taking into account the need to assess the prospects for the development of energy technologies that solve the problems not only of efficient and safe production of electricity and heat, but also to ensure the economic stability of the energy business, the developed list of criteria for competitive advantages combined economic indicators and indicators characterizing safety, environmental impact, implementation risks, development prospects, infrastructure status.
Assessment of the impact of scenario-dynamic conditions of the energy market shows that under various scenarios of energy development (both in presence of non-nuclear energy sources and without them) the SFR technology could become a backbone technology of the closed fuel cycle in frame of the two-component NES ensuring reduced volumes of spent fuel and radioactive waste not only in the scenarios with growing nuclear power, but also in the scenarios with stationary and declining levels of nuclear power deployment.

Keywords
BN-1200, VVER, two-component nuclear energy system, competitive advantages, multicriteria analysis

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)

References

UDC 621.039.5

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants", 2018, issue 2, 2:8