Authors & Affiliations

Avrorin E.N.1, Simonenko V.A.1, Gulevich A.V.2, Chebeskov A.N.2
1 Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhinsk, Russia
2 A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia

Avrorin E.N. – Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Honorary Scientific Leader, Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics.
Simonenko V.A. – Deputy Scientific Leader, Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Professor, Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics.
Gulevich A.V. – General Director Deputy - Director of Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycle Department, Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering. Contacts: 1, pl. Bondarenko, Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249033. Tel.: +7(484) 399-86-85; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Chebeskov A.N. – Chief Researcher, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.

Abstract

Nuclear power systems have sufficient potential to provide a sustainable source of energy with the ability to meet any reasonable forecast of global energy needs of humankind for a historically significant period, using the technologies of fast reactors and a closed nuclear fuel cycle that have already been tested and demonstrated. The two main nuclear technologies: uranium enrichment and reprocessing of irradiated fuel are a legacy of military activities, that is, they remain "sensitive" and therefore require close attention from the nonproliferation regime of nuclear weapons. In addition, the situation is significantly more complicated if in the sphere of export potential, in addition to reactor technologies, the technologies of radiochemical processing and refubrication of nuclear fuel will be involved in the future, as in the case of fast reactors with a nuclear fuel cycle closure. The report discusses the issues of protection of fast reactors and relevant nuclear fuel cycles from the proliferation of nuclear weapons using knowledge, technology and materials of nuclear energy in military programs. The features of the closed nuclear fuel cycle of fast reactors to maintain the global non-proliferation regime in comparison with the nonclosed cycle of thermal reactors are also discussed.

Keywords
fast reactor, closed fuel cycle, sustainable development of civilization, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, physical protection of nuclear facilities and nuclear materials, launch of fast reactors on plutonium and uranium, IAEA safeguards

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)

References

UDC 621.039.51

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants", 2018, issue 2, 2:18